Lec09_F03_out - CLASS#9 CHALLENGES TO BEHAVIORAL APPROACH I Challenges to Confirmation A The Inductivist Turkey B Discovery vs Justification 1

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CLASS #9: CHALLENGES TO BEHAVIORAL APPROACH (i) Challenges to Confirmation B. The Inductivist Turkey C. Discovery vs. Justification 1. Discovery – 2. Justification – D. Hume's Problem 1. Inductive Justification: The principle of induction worked successfully on occasion 1 The principle of induction worked successfully on occasion 2 Therefore, the principle of induction will always work 2. The Question a. Assume b. Assume c. Can we learn of the future from the past? d. Sometimes, sometimes not e. Can we rely on induction as a guide? f. While as a practical matter that may be ok – it is not always so g. How can we justify such inferences i. Logical Problem 3. Background a. We believe that we have knowledge of facts extending beyond those we directly perceive b. What is knowledge? (i) Founded on evidence (ii) Rational justification c. Does any method yield knowledge? (i) Central Questions (ii) Questions: How do What is the
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4. Logic of Falsification If the theory is true, the evidence supports the theory The evidence does not support the theory Therefore, the theory is false 5. Logic of Justification If the theory is true, the evidence supports the theory The evidence supports the theory Therefore, the theory is true 6. Two Examples Some red balls from this urn have been observed All observed red balls from this urn are licorice flavored Therefore, all red balls in this urn are licorice flavored
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PLS 200 taught by Professor Idk during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Lec09_F03_out - CLASS#9 CHALLENGES TO BEHAVIORAL APPROACH I Challenges to Confirmation A The Inductivist Turkey B Discovery vs Justification 1

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