examstudie - The United States is a maritime nation major...

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- The United States is a maritime nation – major oceans on either coast. - 90% of the world’s trade and 99% of our import-export tonnage is transported on the sea. - Founding fathers recognized this – and also saw the benefits of raiding British shipping and protecting our own shipping – and authorized the founding of a Navy. - We view the oceans not as an obstacle, but as our base of operations and our maneuver space, which we can either control or deny to the enemy. - The oceans are a barrier for our defense - The oceans provide avenues for world trade and military lines of communications - Naval forces have been organized for fighting on the sea – or from the sea – for thousands of years. - Qualities that characterize most modern naval forces as instruments of political power are: Ready force, flexible, self- sustaining and mobile - Ready force- Forward deployed, strong situational awareness, strategic benefit. - To be effective instruments of power, our naval forces must be available and credible at all times; not just when a crisis presents itself - Our ready force promotes regional stability and safeguards the flow of resources among trading partners - Forward deployed naval forces help deter conflict and attain a rapid, favorable end to hostilities - Forward deployed units have situational awareness - Forward deployed units form the core of initial response - Forward deployed units are especially relevant in areas where overseas bases are minimal or non-existent to demonstrate forward presence - Flexible- involved in a variety of operations – Between 1945 and 1994, US naval forces have been involved in 280 crises (ABLSTKGRU in 2004 Tsunami) - Flexibility of naval forces allows us to shift focus, reconfigure and realign as necessary to meet a variety of contingencies. - Naval forces provide combatant commanders a wide range of available weapons systems and military options - Naval flexibility – demonstrated in forward deployed posture, mobility and self-sustainability – enables us to control the seas and provide diplomatic leverage Self sustaining- self sufficient (ammunition, spares and consumables), re-supply capability, on station indefinitely - Mobile – key to decisive naval operations - strategic and tactical mobility - OTH responsiveness - Rapid relocation, control of the sea, adversary can’t take the offensive - Makes us a difficult target - - Three levels of war – Strategic, operational and tactical - Strategic – Supports national goals - Operational – Concerns forces collectively in a theater - Tactical – Details of individual unit engagements - Basic roles: - Promote and defend our national interests by maintaining maritime superiority - Contributing to regional stability - Conducting operations on and from the sea - Seizing or defending advanced bases
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- Conducting such land campaigns as may be essential to the prosecution of naval campaigns - To fulfill our roles, we must be ready to conduct sustained combat operations – to fight and win wars at sea, on land and in the air.
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