IMRAD format

IMRAD format - Clark 1 Professor Rieder ENG 101 9 October...

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Clark 1 Professor Rieder ENG 101 9 October 2006 An Evaluation of the IMRAD Format in Scientific Writing In Engaging Inquiry: Research and Writing in the Disciplines Judy Kirscht and Mark Schlenz outline the proper techniques for writing scientific reports. Specifically, Kirscht and Schlenz discuss the IMRAD format. An IMRAD report typically contains a title, abstract, and conclusion; however the IMRAD format itself only includes sections for the introduction, methods, results, and discussions. The observational report, “Individual tree crown and stand development in Pinus taeda under different fertilization and irrigation regimes,” written by Timothy J. Albaugh, H. Lee Allen, and Thomas R. Fox, uses the IMRAD style. The report focuses on an experiment on Pinus taeda , or as it is more commonly called ‘loblolly pine.’ In the experiment, the scientists use various irrigation and fertilization schemes to determine patterns in the development of the tree’s crown and foliage mass. The title and abstract are both necessary in any scientific report, and although they are not specifically included in the IMRAD format, the formation of a title and abstract are key in creating a good report. Kirscht and Schlenz state that the title should be “descriptive rather than rhetorical” (Kirscht 33). The title “Individual tree crown and stand development in Pinus taeda under different fertilization and irrigation regimes” fits this description perfectly. It is not meant to draw attention to itself; rather, its sole purpose is to briefly state the contents of the report. An abstract should immediately follow the title. According to Kirscht and Schlenz, the abstract should be “an overview
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Clark 2 of the whole,” and sum up the paper in a relatively brief paragraph. Abstracts should include a “statement of the type of study, its purpose, method and results” (Kirscht 33). Together the title and abstract provide a short summary to help the reader determine the contents of the report and if the information presented will be useful. In the observation report by Timothy Albaugh et al., the abstract presents an excellent example of the proper format for a title and abstract. The abstract is designed so that it is direct and
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Cornett during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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IMRAD format - Clark 1 Professor Rieder ENG 101 9 October...

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