Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - The Medieval Church Augustine(354 430...

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The Medieval Church Augustine (354 – 430) b. North Africa Family - pagan father - Christian mother (Monica) trained to become a lawyer classical education, rhetoric lived w/ concubine, had son w/ her o typical period custom to do so before eventually marrying a woman of suitable rank read Cicero’s Hortensius spurred an interest in philosophy became part of the Manichean movement moves to Milan meets Bishop Ambrose, who baptizes him becomes interested in Neo-Platonism founded by Mani attempts to deal w/ problem of evil in the world - why would God allow evil? dualistic - cosmic struggle between good (light) and evil (dark) forces - ours is a created existence brought on by evil’s attack on good - we must gain knowledge of this in order to free our inner “light” ascetic no guilt/responsibility - self is essentially good - evil exists because of dark forces - likely appealed to Augustine due to his struggles with sexual infatuation optimistic - those who come to understand will always free their soul Cosmology of Neo-Platonism: Great Chain of Being - Matter World Soul Intellect The One - The One is beyond being & totally good - Goodness decreases moving away from The One until reaching material existence
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Philosophical Impact on Augustine’s Beliefs Impact of Manicheism Augustine’s notion of evil as nonbeing (evil = lack of good) goes against Manichean good/evil dualistic struggle Impact of Neo-Platonism God is immutable, eternal, truth, creator Augustine’s Conversion Experience Sitting in a garden, hears children singing a song inspired to open The Bible turns to Romans 13:13-14 o warns against drinking, debauchery, orgies, etc o inspires Augustine to end his sexual indulgences returns to North Africa to found a monastery becomes the Bishop of Hippo Donatism - founded by Donatus, who succeeded a bishop believed to be a traditor - North African phenomenon that emerged following Christian persecution under Diocletian - Issue of whether those who gave sacred texts to the Romans during the persecution (
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Exam 2 Study Guide - The Medieval Church Augustine(354 430...

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