Homework 4 - JUST 301 Homework# 4 Question #1: In his...

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JUST 301 Homework# 4 Question #1: In his paper, Jesudason, explains three different phases of changing relations between the Chinese and the Malays in Malaysia. He describes phase one as the time period between 1957 and the late 1960s. He explains that the Chinese business community was able to have a lot of leverage over the state. He describes phase two as the 1970s until the mid 1980s. During this time the business community became less cohesive because of many state-based actions to attempt to break up the Chinese cohesiveness in business. During this phase there were very tense relations between the Chinese and the Malay society. The third phase went from the 1980s onward. This was a process of reconciliation between the Chinese business class and the Malays. Jesudason explains many different portions of the country of Malaysia. He talks about the changing Chinese Business community. He explained in great detail the fact that Chinese companies were largely family run and many Chinese would not even trust other Chinese that they had been friends with for their entire lives to run their businesses. However, this exclusiveness eventually had to be done away with. That happened for numerous reasons. One important reason was the implementation of the NEP. The NEP required the Chinese companies to give Malays positions in the companies and eventually high decision making positions in the
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company. In addition, the younger generations did not identify as much with their ancestors beliefs and the traditions of the older family members. Therefore, they did not want to simply carry on with the family business in such a way as the generations before them did. Jesudason says on page 126 that “it is no longer a family company; rather it is a company with family interests.” I believe this shows that although many values are still held by the Chinese, but it has become diffused and there are other families and ethnic groups within each business. In the title of the paper Jesudason refers to an ethnic equilibrium. He is saying that it will get to a certain point where the political elites who are Malays will be forced to work with the Chinese business owners in the country. He claims that this “tolerable equilibrium” has been achieved. He says that they now have shared values which cause them to be able to coexist in peace. He describes times went here was not such equilibrium. He mentions the 1960s when the Malay middle class wanted more power. However, that situation was worked through and it eventually went back to equilibrium. He says at the end of his article, however, that this does not mean there will never be ethnic conflict in Malaysia. However, it has been more successful than many countries in dealing with an ethnically heterogeneous country.
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Question #2: In 1970 Malaysia implemented the New Economic Policy which was an extremely risky move. Many people thought that by implementing such a liberal policy their economy would fail. Fortunately for them, they became
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course JUST 301 taught by Professor Jacob during the Spring '08 term at James Madison University.

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Homework 4 - JUST 301 Homework# 4 Question #1: In his...

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