Notes 5 - some rule on every word • Usually much easier...

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31/01/2008 14:11:00 Morphology Discrete combinatorial system Morphology is a DISCRETE COMBNATORIAL system “discrete” = having separate parts; “combinatorial system” = rules for  combining those parts Other DCS’s o Music o Fashion Two types of plurals in English o Regular, rule-based o Irregular, memorized o What we know: Unconsciously, we know the difference between regular and  irregular plurals o Regular plurals are formed by rule o Irregular plurals are listen in your mental dictionary Expletive Infixation Expletive – exclamation, usually an offensive one Infix – A morpheme that appears inside another morpheme (vs. prefix, suffix) Expletive infixation in English o Fan-blankin’-tastic Secret languages Examples: Pig Latin Typically used in late childhood, early adolescence Not very “secret”,  not really a “language”. Tale real language, and perform 
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Unformatted text preview: some rule on every word • Usually much easier to produce than understand • Very easy to learn to produce • Found ll over the world, in very similar forms • Secret languages give lots of evidence of unconscious knowledge (similar to expletive infixation, it’s unconscious knowledge of syllables) • Abi-Dabi • G-Talk • Ziph • Chicken Language • Double G • EXAMPLES OF OTHER LANGUAGES o Spanish – rosa Kutiro-kutisa Grande grafan-defe o Japanese Anohitowa aka-noko-hiki… ← SUMMARY • Morphology is the study of how words are put together • Morphemes are the meaningful pieces of words • Morphology is a discrete combinatorial system (like Lego, not Play-Doh) • Examples like He’s a louse • Expletives and secret languages 31/01/2008 14:11:00 ← 31/01/2008 14:11:00 ←...
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course LING 115g taught by Professor Silva-corvalan during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Notes 5 - some rule on every word • Usually much easier...

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