Midterm Question 2

Midterm Question 2 - 2. Trace the origins of (a) the...

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World Society: how do societies interact Origins of contemporary international society of states o HGBs displayed something analogous to “world society” in their shared system of belief and identity o But, by creating more autonomous and self reliant units, and increasing the barriers of language, the shift from HGBs to tribal villages eroded this world society Origins of international society of states o The development in chiefdom systems is precursor to an international society in which ruling elites shared elements of culture, language, and an exclusive right of mutual contact that has some resemblance to diplomacy Pre-international systems According to Buzan and Little the world was social and cooperative o Unit: HGB o 15-75 people composed of close knit families o position rests purely on authority and the acceptance of the band o no division of labor because population is so small that it is counter- productive to institutionalize it every adult is self-sufficient o no social differentiation because it would render band vulnerable o Bands were mobile 2. Trace the origins of (a) the contemporary international society of states and (b) contemporary world society to their prehistoric roots. In broad brushstrokes, how has the relationship between international society (and its precursors) and world society (and its precursors) changed over time?
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Moved from campsites around estate Familiarity with territory but there were potential dangers sooooo o Units shared Formulated effective long-term risk maintaining strategies (risk sharing) If the survival of the band was in jeopardy, the members could move onto a neighbor’s territory without threatening the neighbor’s survival For it to work, the density of the population has to be well below the max that the territory can support o Flexible unit As the population goes up, territories have to expand It never over estimated is menas Interaction capacity o Catered to sustaining the survival of the unit o Limited: No physical transportation technologies for land: no wheels, no pack or riding animals, contact depended on walking distance o Created compensatory mechanisms to provide minimum interaction capacity Two social technologies: Language Common language represents an important mechanism for overcoming physical impediments to communication Proximity Maximize the number of proximate neighbors possessed by each band o Hexagonal landscape People need to be in regular contact Process
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o Social processes fostered willingness to maintain channels of communication and simultaneously allow bands to monitor conditions in distant areas and facilitate the task of identifying mating partners Marriage- establishes permanent link between to spatially separated families Has political, economic, social significance because it serves to tie families from different bands together Kinship system has important consequences for the scale and
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Midterm Question 2 - 2. Trace the origins of (a) the...

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