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French Neoclassical

French Neoclassical - French Neo-Classicism Phaedra...

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French Neo-Classicism: Phaedra 21/04/2008 15:39:00 Period of Louis XIV (The Sun King) Absolute ruler – head of the state. Worked with an elite group of state  advisors All of the arts were institutionalized A public professional theatre highly regulated by the state. 1637 – L’academie Francaise – founded for the promotion of the French  language that regulated literature so that it would be appropriate according to  the absolute state. o Dealt with theatres funding o Gave out licences fort he theatre troops. These licences came from the  state The State even regulated  stage space o The polyscenic environment would be replaced by a monoscenic  environment o Polyscenic: shows all scenes of the play at the same time, all the  different environments. Body language leads the viewer around the  stage. o Richelieu (cardinal to Louis XIII) and Mizalin (cardinal to Louis XIV)  didn’t like polyscenic because it was too disordered and din’t symbolize  the unity and consolidation of an absolutist state. There were only 3 stage environments on all neoclassical French drama Built like a Renaissance painting with a vanishing point in the middle of the  painting o Single point perspective with one seat in the house having the best  view, directly in front of the vanishing point(this is where the  king/absolute monarch would sit.
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