Philosophy Exam 2 Short Answer

Philosophy Exam 2 Short Answer - Part 2 1. Why does Kant...

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Part 2 1. Why does Kant think that the “true function” of reason must be to produce a will that is good in itself, rather than to make one happy? What makes such a will good, according to Kant (is it good enough just to “have a good heart,” for example)? a. Good qualities can turn extremely bad, and good will seems to constitute the indispensable condition of being worthy of happiness b. Good can be broken down into two categories: intrinsic and extrinsic i. Intrinsic is conducive to extrinsic goodness that may eventually fail or change (good without qualification) c. True function must be to produce a will which is not merely good as a means to some further end, but is good in itself i. To produce a will good in itself reason was absolutely necessary. ii. Duty 2. Consider Kant’s examples of the “honest shopkeeper” and the “sympathetic man.” How do they help clarify the difference between acting “according to duty” and “from duty”? a.
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Philosophy Exam 2 Short Answer - Part 2 1. Why does Kant...

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