Unit 4 Week 1 - Unit 4 Week 1 William J Simmons A preacher and a salesmen that revived the KKK after the war He appointed himself the imperial Wizard of

Unit 4 Week 1 - Unit 4 Week 1 William J Simmons A preacher...

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Unit 4 Week 1 William J. Simmons – A preacher and a salesmen that revived the KKK after the war. He appointed himself the “imperial Wizard” of the new Klan which was thoroughly protestant, antiforeigner, anti- Semitic, and anti-Catholic. His new Klan grew slowly after the war but grew in popularity, in 1920 alone they added 100,000 members. The Klan flourished in small town rural south but soon spread throughout the country. Clarence Darrow – A famous lawyer, who defended John Scopes in the infamous Scopes trial. His defendant has broken the law of teaching evolution in school because it clashed against their faith. He did his best but the system was broken and they still found him guilty. Black Messiah – Marcus Garvey, a flamboyant Jamaican who arrived in New York at the age of 29, fed black pride. The idea that separated him from most black pride activists was his love for having African American people return back to Africa. He even had his own “Black Star Line” project where a steamship company completely owned and operated by blacks would take people back to Africa which ultimately failed. Bu he ended up convincing thousands of black Americans, many of whom were poor and discouraged and those who had recently migrated from the south that they could unite and feel pride in their heritage. Harlem Renaissance – After the war a group of black writers, artists, and intellectuals who settled in Harlem, a neighborhood in New York City, led a movement that was very important. They studied all kinds of topics ranging from music to anthropology. This movement had a lot in common with Marcus Garvey’s in the way they expressed black pride and sought their African roots and folk lore. However,

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