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Notes on Oxidation and Reduction

Notes on Oxidation and Reduction - o This allows the...

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Notes on Oxidation and Reduction Oxidation o Increased oxidation state o The loss of electrons Reduction o Decreased oxidation state o The gain of electrons In most cases, O (oxygen) has an oxidation state of -2 In most cases, H (hydrogen) has an oxidation state of +1 In compounds, Groups 1 & 2, have oxidation states equal to their ionic charges o This means group 1 elements have an oxidation state of +1 o This means group 2 elements have an oxidation state of +2 More Notes on Electrolytes, Acids, Bases, and Salts Electrolytes are compounds that can form ions when dissolved in water
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Unformatted text preview: o This allows the resulting solution to conduct electricity • Best situation for solubility is a strong attraction between solute particles and solvent particles • A salt is an ionic compound that consists of a cation and anion o Exceptions are the presence of the anion Hydroxide OH-and the cation Hydrogen H + o If the anion is OH- it is a Base o If the cation is H + It is an Acid o Salts form from Acid - Base Reactions o Water also may form...
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