quiz one note collected

quiz one note collected - Week 1st lecture one Chapter 1...

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Week 1 st lecture one Chapter 1. How is the modern process of "suburbanization" different from the pre-nineteenth century "suburb"? What were the main characteristics of the old "walking city"? o In 19 th century, there was the suburbanization process involving the systematic growth of fringe areas at a pace more rapid than that of core cities . *Main Characteristics of the old walking city. o City had congestion. o There was the clear distinction between city and country. o Mixture of functions. o the short distance from work o Fashionable and respectable addresses to be located close to the center of town. “Walking city” – city where you can walk to work. (p14 .3 row) Chapter 2.When did Robert Fulton build the world's first steam ferry service? What was a "ferry suburb"? When/where was the first omnibus service introduced into north America? What was the "riding habit"? What were "railroad suburbs"? o Robert Fulton developed the first successful steamboat in 1807 and introduced ferry service in 1814 between Beekman Slip in Manhattan. o Ferry Suburb is a place where the water commutations contributed a huge part of the suburbanization on that location. o Abraham Brower introduced omnibus service to North America with operation along Broadway in New York in 1829 o “Riding Habit” is a habit of the influential minority of urban citizens who have been encouraged to ride the such a transportation system(Omibus) even though riding condition was terrible. o Railroad Suburb is a place where the railroad commutations contributed a huge part of the suburbanization on that location. Chapter 3. What was the new cult of "domesticity" as it developed in the nineteenth century? How was it connected with new housing styles and new ideas about the proper role for men and women? How did Catherine Beacher's ideas and Andrew Jackson Downing's architecture relate to these developments? o There were new emerging values of the privacy and family where it is the place of refuge from the society. Thus, owning a single-family dwelling was the goal to which every decent family aspired. There was more isolation in married couple as the husband
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employed away from home and the wife is responsible for everything connected with the residence. o Both Beacher and Downing supported the idea of private home. Beacher argued in favor of the physical and social separation of the population into home and business work. And Downing believed in the power and virtue of the individual home. Chapter 4.What was the "gridiron system" of street design? o Straight and parallel pattern of physical street design system is called gridiron system. Week 1 st lecture two. Chapter 6. Around when was the "trolley" introduced into North America? o Trolley was introduced in American cities between the Civil War and World War I when the wave of invention swept over the US. Electric Streetcar (trolley) was introduced in New Jersey and went through several testing through out 1880s.
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