KINE chapter 8

KINE chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 8: Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer, and Other Disorders in Minority Americans Chronic Conditions: patient does not expect to fully recover and are usually accompanied by some sort of residual disability. Chronic diseases get progressively worse over time and are often terminal -related to lifestyle, habits, and behaviors therefore preventable CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States -Nearly 1 million Americans die each year -Death rate from heart disease has fallen 25 percent over the last decade -3 leading cardiovascular diseases are atherosclerosis or coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and stroke Coronary artery disease: -most common CVD -disease of the lining of the arteries (atherosclerosis) -accumulation of deposits of fat, fibrin (clotting materials), cholesterol, cellular debris, calcium, and other substances in the arteries, which makes the artery channels more narrow. -causes the risk of heart attack to increase -blood clot (thrombus) soon will develop and block artery **such a blocking is called a coronary thrombosis. -Medical Name for a heart attack is myocardial infarction -muscle of the heart is called the myocardium ~African Americans are more likely to die of coronary heart disease than all other races (out of age and hospital/emergency deaths) # of Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 population by race/ethnicity: -265 White -346 Black -158 Other # by gender: -331 Male -223 Female Four major risk factors associated with the development of CVD: -Tobacco use, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and physical inactivity Tobacco: -risk of heart attack doubles -smoker has a less chance of surviving after heart attack than nonsmoker
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-33.2% of African American men and 19.8% of African American women are cigarette smokers High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): -Increases the work load of the heart, causing heart to enlarge and becoming less efficient over time -Can cause damage to major organs (kidneys, eyes, heart) and blood vessels -leading cause of kidney failure -20% of adult population have hypertension in some form -Highest risk are males, people over 55 years old, and people of color -28% of African Americans suffer from hypertension -high-salt diets, socioenvironmental factors, such as urban living and poverty, and psychological-emotional factors, such as stress and anger -15% of white Americans suffer from hypertension -African Americans develop high blood pressure at an earlier age -Females above age 65 have higher rates of hypertension than males
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course BUS 207 taught by Professor Perello during the Spring '03 term at Cal Poly.

Page1 / 6

KINE chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online