unit_4_notes - Themes of Transition Early 1960s are a time...

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Themes of Transition Early 1960s are a time of major developments Integration in music reaches unparalleled levels White producers coach Black musicians Black producers direct White musicians Integrated groups perform on recordings Themes of Transition Women achieve new levels of prominence in popular music: Deborah Chessler-one of the first woman producers Girl Groups emerge Women songwriters produce hit songs Carole King & her husband, Gerry Goffin wrote “Will You Love Me Tomorrow?” Themes of Transition Identification of song with recording is completed Studio producers manipulate the total sonic package to further the message of the song Developments in recording technology and studio production techniques go hand in hand. Multi-track recording creates new possibilities of sound engineering Rock and Roll matures In the early 1960s: The electric bass became standard The rock beat became pervasive, and appeared in numerous forms Points of melodic interest were no longer confined to the lead vocal; melodic signature could appear anywhere, As a result, textures became more balanced and interdependent Rock and Roll matures The refrain-frame and end-weighted versions of verse/chorus form became standard, replacing standard blues and AABA forms Form became more flexible and responds to the requirements of the song The process of song creation changes: members of the band write the song; producer oversees studio recording; collective effort results in a more complex song identity Doo Wop replaced by Black Pop Electric Blues retains the shuffle beat Black Music in the 1960s moves from the Integrationist Pole of Motown to the Black Nationalist Pole of James Brown’s Soul music. Black Pop
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The Drifters “ Save the Last Dance for Me ” and “ On Broadway Use of studio production (by Jerry Leiber and Michael Stoller) to further the message of the song is apparent The New Black Pop Shirelles "Will You Love Me Tomorrow? " (1960) One of the first of the “Girl Groups” Introduces a woman’s point of view in the song AABA form, but A is 16, not 8 measures A straightforward rock rhythm with little rhythmic interplay Phil Spector The first “teen tycoon” of rock and roll. Supervised all aspects of production from songwriting to choice of performers and actual studio production Known for “The Wall of Sound,” created in Gold Star Studios in Los Angeles. Multiple pianos, drums, guitars, etc. created the sound he was seeking. Spector’s Wall of Sound
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unit_4_notes - Themes of Transition Early 1960s are a time...

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