Ch 3 - Chapter 3 – Federalism • Federalism ○ Federalism is our system… However what are the three major forms of government organization

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Chapter 3 – Federalism Federalism Federalism is our system…. However, what are the three major forms of government organization? 1 st - Federalism Federal government and states derive authority from people 2 nd - Unitary Government National government derives authority from people and is in charge Local governments get authority from central government 3 rd - Confederation government State governments derives authority from people and is in charge Central government gets authority from states 87,504 governments exist in our system according to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2000 Pros about Federalism Diverse Policies for a diverse population Different people in different places with different expectations Allows for different systems to exist to suit these needs minimizes policy conflict Allows for different laws at different levels Closer to people… Better opportunity to interact with government and participate Healthy dispersion of power creates more opportunities for participation… Many levels of government to try for if unsuccessful in claiming national positions Policy innovation at state level… States can try out new ideas as "laboratories" National laws usually come from effective state laws State and local levels good training ground for women and minorities Cons about Federalism No national standards can create inequities Ex. Education varies across rich areas and poor areas Welfare can vary from state to state Dispersion of power can allow groups to protect interests which may be undemocratic and contrary to national trends With support states can pass contrary laws Low visibility and information flow about local governments… People are usually unaware of local government People vote parties Usually on only 20-30% turn out to vote Is diversity always good? Bad competition between states…
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Ch 3 - Chapter 3 – Federalism • Federalism ○ Federalism is our system… However what are the three major forms of government organization

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