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Ch 8 Blank - Human Development Theories of Development...

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Human Development Theories of Development Prenatal Development Infancy Early and Middle Childhood Adolescence Later Adulthood Death and Dying
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Theories of Developmental _________________________ The study of how humans grow, develop, and change  throughout the lifespan. Piaget’s Theory of ______________________ Jean Piaget Swiss Psychologist 1896-1990 Studied cognitive processes of children and how they understand the world
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Schemes A cognitive structure or concept used to identify and  interpret information _____________ The process by which new objects, events, or experiences, or  information is incorporated into existing schemes » A child who calls  » Any male stranger “Daddy”  » the neighbor’s cat “doggie” ______________ The process by which existing schemes are modified and new  schemes are created  to incorporate new objects, events, experiences,  or information
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor (0-2 )   infants gain an understanding of the world through their senses  and                          their motor activities  ____________________________ An infant’s behavior gradually moves from mostly reflexive to  complex and intelligent Infant learns to respond to and manipulate objects and use  them in goal-directed activity ______________________ The realization that objects continue to exist, even when they  can no longer be perceived.
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development ____________________ Symbolic Function The understanding that one thing                         can stand  for another An object, a word, a drawing The use of words to present object »  saying the word milk instead of taking you to the fridge  and showing you want they want to drink ______________ Imagining a block is a car Imagining a doll is a real baby Egocentricism The belief that everyone sees what they see, thinks as they  think and feels as they feel. _______________________ A cookie is only good if it is unbroken
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development ___________________ Conservation The concept that a given quantity of matter  remains the same despite being rearranged or  changed in appearance, as long as nothing is  added or taken away Reversibility The realization that any change in the shape,  position, or order of matter can be reversed  mentally
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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Formal Operations             (ages _________ years  and beyond) Preadolescents and adolescents can apply logical  thought to abstract, verbal, and hypothetical situations  and to problems in the past, present, or future _______________________________
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