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Presentation Outline Chap 5

Presentation Outline Chap 5 - Chapter 5 Client Rights and...

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Chapter 5- Client Rights and Counselor Responsibilities The Client’s Right to Give Informed Consent Informed consent:  The client’s right to be informed about their therapy and to make  autonomous decisions related to it. The main purpose of informed consent is to increase the chances that the client will  become involved, educated, and a willing participant in his/her therapy. Mental health professionals are required by their ethics codes to disclose to clients  the risk, benefits, and alternatives to propose treatment. Informed consent document:  It defines the boundaries and clarifies the nature of the  therapeutic relationship. The goal of the informed consent process is to give clients adequate and continuous  information, so that they may anticipate what they will be asked to consent to in  treatment. Informed consent entails a balance between telling a client too much and telling  them too little. Legal Aspects of Informed Consent Legal aspects of informed consent:  Capacity, comprehension of information and  voluntariness. Capacity:  The client’s ability to make rational decisions. Comprehension of information:  The therapist must give clients information in a clear  way and check to see that they understand it. The client should receive adequate  information about both the procedure and the possible consequences. The information  must include the benefits and risk of procedures, possible adverse effects from  treatment, the risk of forgoing treatment, and available alternative procedures. 
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Voluntariness:  The person giving consent is acting freely in the decision-making  process and is legally and psychologically competent to give consent. This means that  the professional and the client have discussed the nature of the problem and possible  treatments for it. The therapist should explain to competent clients, except those  ordered by the court to undergo evaluation or treatment, that they are free to withdraw  their consent at any time, for any reason.  Educating Clients About Informed Consent The therapist should encourage clients to ask questions about assessment or  treatment and by offering useful feedback as the treatment process progresses.  Examples:  o What are the goals of the therapeutic endeavor? o What services will the counselor provide? o What is expected of the client? o What are the risks and benefits of therapy?
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