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Race & Ethnicity - Race and Ethnicity Page 1 of 23 US...

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Race and Ethnicity - Page  1  of  30 Sept 25, 2007 US Immigration waves Frontier expansion 1820-70, settlements US population 1820, around 10 million 7.4 million immigrated from Europe 1820-70 25 million immigrated from China 1840-1900 Population formulas in the census were beneficial for representatives from states  (quotas etc.)  Frontier Expansion 1830 - Indian removal policy was used to give away land to the European  immigrants. Particularly Indians from the east side. Louisiana purchase  was another way  (1803).  Negotiations with the French. -  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo  (184 8); huge chunk of land. Oklahoma has a high density of Indian population today. Industrialization and Urbanization 1880-1925 Eastern Europeans   (1880)   US population at 50 million (reproduction etc.) Southern  Europeans 25 million immigrate.  Old stock (English) considered the eastern and southern Europeans less than  themselves.   Groups like Italians, Jews, Poles and etc. were racialized. Considered Anglo- Saxon/Semitic/Mediterranean etc. Recognized by their race. Considered violent/criminal, different. Don’t have any abilities.  Bohemians  is the racial name for Czech people. Irish were considered to be like blacks. Italians were also segregated and treated  like blacks.
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Race and Ethnicity - Page  2  of  30 Irish boosted their whiteness by being harsh towards Chinese.  Hostility towards the European immigrants pushes the government to ban  immigrants (like the ban on Chinese in the past). 1924-  Johnson Act  (Immigration and eugenic- 40 years). Eugenics is about  encouraging the “right” people to procreate and the “wrong” people should not be  procreating. They banned immigration and also started forcefully sterilizing  people. - Every group’s immigration would be limited to the quota of 2% of the 1890  population (people who were already here by the end of 1890 and people who  came after 1890 would stay out). This would maintain the desired racial  increment. Immigration shut down. - New comers assimilating and hard core cultural influences were lessening.  - Deracializing through color (accepting Europeans as whites) but racializing  other people through color (Africans considered black). - The act gave the country the chance to digest all the different races/immigrants. - This act contributed to the development of ethnic groups. Another way to be  distinct from other people. Nazi scientists got a lot of their ideas from the American scientists who were  experimenting with eugenics (conferences etc.).
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