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3 Nutrition for power sports Middle distance running track cycling rowing canoeing kayaking and swim

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Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found atJournal of Sports SciencesISSN: 0264-0414 (Print) 1466-447X (Online) Journal homepage: Nutrition for power sports: Middle-distancerunning, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking,and swimmingTrent Stellingwerff , Ronald J. Maughan & Louise M. BurkeTo cite this article:Trent Stellingwerff , Ronald J. Maughan & Louise M. Burke (2011) Nutrition forpower sports: Middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimming,Journal of Sports Sciences, 29:sup1, S79-S89, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2011.589469To link to this article:Published online: 28 Jul 2011.Submit your article to this journalArticle views: 15395View related articlesCiting articles: 20 View citing articles
Nutrition for power sports: Middle-distance running, track cycling,rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimmingTRENT STELLINGWERFF1, RONALD J. MAUGHAN2, & LOUISE M. BURKE31Nestle´ Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland,2School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University,Loughborough, UK, and3Department of Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia(Accepted 16 May 2011)AbstractContemporary training for power sports involves diverse routines that place a wide array of physiological demands on theathlete. This requires a multi-faceted nutritional strategy to support both general training needs – tailored to specific trainingphases – as well as the acute demands of competition. Elite power sport athletes have high training intensities and volumesfor most of the training season, so energy intake must be sufficient to support recovery and adaptation. Low pre-exercisemuscle glycogen reduces high-intensity performance, so daily carbohydrate intake must be emphasized throughout trainingand competition phases. There is strong evidence to suggest that the timing, type, and amount of protein intake influencepost-exercise recovery and adaptation. Most power sports feature demanding competition schedules, which requireaggressive nutritional recovery strategies to optimize muscle glycogen resynthesis. Various power sports have differentoptimum body compositions and body weight requirements, but increasing the power-to-weight ratio during thechampionship season can lead to significant performance benefits for most athletes. Both intra- and extracellular bufferingagents may enhance performance, but more research is needed to examine the potential long-term impact of buffering agentson training adaptation. Interactions between training, desired physiological adaptations, competition, and nutrition requirean individual approach and should be continuously adjusted and adapted.Keywords:Power sports, periodized nutrition, recovery, adaptation, body composition, supplements, performanceIntroductionWhile some sports emphasize the exclusive develop-ment of strength or endurance, several sports requirehigh power output for success. Power is the rate atwhich work is performed or energy is produced.

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