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Are Youth Sport Talent Identification & Dev Systems (TIDS) necessary and healthy - Rongen 2018.pdf

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SHORT COMMUNICATIONOpen AccessAre youth sport talent identification anddevelopment systems necessary andhealthy?Fieke Rongen1, Jim McKenna1, Stephen Cobley2and Kevin Till1,3,4*AbstractTalent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youthathletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes canmake it,the necessity andhealthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, andcompetition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issuesassociated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented. It isrecommended that researchers and practitioners determine the worth and value of TIDS by also evaluating thepositive health of the athlete rather than solely focusing on performance outcomes. To achieve this, TIDS staffshould shape and develop their values, expectations, and day-to-day routines to achieve positive health outcomesfocusing on personal development and an athlete-centered culture. In business, this has been termed the conceptofDeliberately Developmental Organisation.TIDS can deploy the factors (e.g., high-quality staff, expert supportservices, quality facilities, and learning routines) characteristic of such organizations, to concurrently ensure positiveimpacts and minimize predictable negative outcomes without losing focus on a drive for sporting performance.Keywords:Talent identification, Talent development, Health, Adolescence, ImpactKey points±Talent identification and development systems(TIDS), although aimed at sporting performance,impact upon physical health, education, and psycho-social development within youth athletes.±The deployment of TIDS influences whether theseimpacts are positive or negative, and (un)intended.As only limited numbers of athletes can achieve elitesport success, TIDS effectiveness should encapsulatethese impacts and staff should emphasize theseimpacts to ensure systemworth.±TIDS staff can utilize aDeliberate DevelopmentOrganisationapproach to emphasize an athlete-centered culture with high-quality staff, expertsupport services, and quality facilities to maximizepositive outcomes in their athletes.IntroductionGlobally, talent identification and development systems(TIDS) have proliferated [1]. Given their increasing pro-fessionalism and intensity, TIDS are resource-intensiverequiring substantial financial investment. To recoverthese costs, TIDS are expected to be effective in convert-ing youth athletes into medal winning or saleable assetswithin adult sports [2]. Recently, TIDS across a range ofsports have been questioned in the research literaturefortheireffectiveness[3,4]andhealthiness(e.g.,injury,psychologicaloverload;[57]).InEnglandssoccer-basedacademies,thisapproachtoTIDShasrecently been criticized by the media [8,9], suggestingendemicallyinadequatesupportforyoungboysandmen, under the auspices of the Elite Player PerformancePlan (EPPP).

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Developmental Psychology, Olympic Games, Tids

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