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Lecture Notes - 080806

Lecture Notes - 080806 - But Women are not required just to...

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Katie Kerr PHL 304 August 8, 2006 Thompson’s Article Right to life and right to use someone else’s body The right to life (which fetus as persons would have) does not entail the right to use another person’s body (or the right to be allowed continued use of another person’s body) even in one needs it for life itself. Nobody has the right to use your body unless you give them that right (explicitly or implicitly) Women implicitly give that right when they have sex voluntarily, knowing that might end in pregnancy, and don’t take any measure to avoid getting pregnant. Responsibility of the mother depends on the fact that her pregnancy resulted from such voluntary act. Right to life is not the right not be killed but the right not to be killed unjustly . Is abortion unjust killing? Not if the woman has not extended to the fetus the right to use her body. If she has, abortion is unjust killing. Good Samaritan and Minimally Decent Samaritan Law doesn’t require anybody to be a minimally decent Samaritan.
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Unformatted text preview: But: Women are not required just to be minimally decent Samaritans, but good Samaritans, because [*] is not the case with respect to pregnancies. Sometimes abortion can morally indecent . A has an obligation to do x. (= A is required to do x) If a refuses to do x, A is acting unjustly. B doesn’t have an obligation do x (= B is not required to do x) X requires minimal effort from B [*] X might have a great positive effect on someone else If B refuses to do x, B is indecent. It is not the case that if B refuses to do x, then B is acting unjustly. B might not be acting generously but is not thereby unjust. [*] How exactly do we determine what takes minimal effort? JJT does not answer that; It varies according to the cases. The following statement is FALSE: If C benefits from B doing x, C has a right against B that B does x. Furthermore: The fact that C needs that B does x, does not entail that C has a right against that B does x....
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Lecture Notes - 080806 - But Women are not required just to...

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