Lecture Notes 062906 - 1. Identify the part of the system...

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Katie Kerr SOC 302 June 29, 2006 The system components are interdependent – a change in one component  causes changes in at least one other component Because the system parts are interrelated, they tend to move in the direction of  balance of equilibrium The freedom of movement of any system’s components is framed by the  greater equilibrium Societies are open systems in the sense that they are influenced by factors in  their environment 3 Major Macrotheoretical Perspectives 1) Structural Functionalism  a) Explains a society’s structures in terms of the functions they perform for  the society as a whole, particularly as that society comes under pressure  from its environment Structural Functionalists do three things:
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Identify the part of the system of some change in the part of the system that is going to be explained 2. Identify how this part of the system contributes to the smooth functioning of the system as a whole. 3. Identify the source of potential disruption to the system as a whole They dont: 1. Assume that the part of the system or the change in the part of the system is the only way that a particular need can be met. 2. Ignore dysfunctions. 2) Social Evolution a) Observe a process occurring on the socio-cultural level that is analogous to the processes of variation and selective adaptation seen in biology b) Socio-cultural innovation (genetic variation)...
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Lecture Notes 062906 - 1. Identify the part of the system...

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