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March 3, 2015The Roaring 20s Reaction and Rebellion The Harlem Renaissance: Resurgence of the KKK oTargets everyone who’s not protestant The New Woman: Religious fundamentalism/The Scopes Trial Bootlegging: Prohibition/Immigration Acts of 1921 &1924 oProhibition: anti-immigrant movements Literary modernism: The Red Scare o1920: fear of foreign radicals/foreign communists Rebellion: Desire to change oBeginning of multicultural American identity Reaction: desire to remain the same oRejection of various forms of diversity Scopes Trial Major Players oJohn Scopes: The Defendant oWilliam Jennings Bryan: The Prosecuting attorney oClarence Darrow: The Defense Attorney Becomes about much more than about the statute High profile people jump on the case Huge crowds go to DaytonZoo atmosphere Students asked to testify about whether or not he taught them about evolution Darrow brings in an expert of evolution to talk during the trial Darrow calls Bryan to the stand on the last day as an expert on religion oOne of the most famous interrogation trials in Am. History oDarrow goes HAM oEventually backs Bryan into a corner (what would happen if the earth stopped rotating) Thought that Butler Act 1925Outlawed teaching of evolution in public schools Unlawful to teach the theory that denies the divine creation and that man came from a lower order Threat to Christian beliefs American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) New org Formed to advocate and fight for first amendment freedom of speech Dayton, Tennessee: will provide a test case John Scopes Biology teacher in Dayton Called in by town fathers asking if he talks about evolution in his classSays that he is breaking the law, so he agrees to be the test case of the ACLU Arrested for teaching about evolution
William Jennings Bryan Resigned as SOC bc he opposed the war Developed anti-evolutionism Defended the statute and prosecute Clarence Darrow Most famous lawyer of his dayCelebrity lawyer Only took the most high profile cases