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Anatomy Study Guide Updated - Exam 1: Homeostasis, Tissues,...

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Exam 1: Homeostasis, Tissues, and Integumentary SystemYOU NEED TO KNOW EVERYTHING WE WENT THROUGH IN CLASS ANDACTIVITTIES PERFORMED AS WELL...Everything.The following questions are justhere to help you study and organize the material.1.Define anatomy and physiology.
2.Name and describe the different topics in anatomy and physiologyGross Anatomy: study of large body structures VISABLE TO THE NAKED EYE.An example would be your heart or your lungs.a.Regional Anatomy (subdivision of Gross Anatomy)-All the structures in a particular region of the body are studiedat the same time. Ex: Muscles, Bones, and Nerves.b.Systematic Anatomy (subdivision of Gross Anatomy)-The body structure is studied system by system. Ex: When youstudy the cardiovascular system, you would examine the heartand the blood vessels of the entire body.c.Surface Anatomy (subdivision of Gross Anatomy)-Study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skinsurface. Ex: You use surface anatomy when you identify thebulging muscles beneath the skin of a body builder.Microscopic Anatomy: deals with structures TOO SMALL for the naked eye.Deals with things deeper in the organs. Ex: Thins slices of body tissues arestained and mounted on slides to be examined under a microscope.a.Cytology (Subdivision of Microscopic Anatomy)-Considers the cells in the body.b.Histology-The study of tissues.Developmental Anatomy: Traces structural changes that occur inthe body throughout the life span.
Embryology: Concerns developmental changes that occur BEFORE BIRTH.Pathological Anatomy: studies structural changes caused by disease. Lookingfor differences and abnormalities. Used primarily for medical diagnoses orscientific research.Radiographic Anatomy: studies internal structures as visualized by X-rays orspecialized scanning products. Used primarily for medical diagnoses orscientific research.Molecular Biology: The structure of biological molecule is investigated. Ex:DNA3.Define tissue, organ and organ system.4.According to the principle of complementarity, how does anatomy relate tophysiology?

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