EUH 2000-2 - EUH 2000 Octavian Augustus "The Revered...

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EUH 2000 19/02/2008 15:29:00 Octavian  Augustus “The Revered One” 13BCE-14CE   age of Augustus Restoration of Republic Preferred the title Princeps “Chief Citizen” o First among citizens Principate o Chief citizen and the senate share power What really happens is Augustus is in command Assumes title of consul every year o Until 23bce when he becomes tribune Then he could create and throw out laws Went through legal channels to attain power On paper allows senate to govern Controlled army o Protected the frontiers of the empire Protected chief citizen 9000 men in praetorian guard proclaimed “imperator” by troops   Emperor Christianity
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Christ born during Augustus and died under Tiberius thrived under conditions of the Hellenistic world "mystery cults" o secret ritual or teaching that gave followers access to divine power and  promised salvation  o resurrection and immortality fertility gods o prepared for the spread of Christianity o roman’s would view Christianity as a “mystery cult” many similarities  one difference derived from Jewish tradition  god of Jews not a thing of nature o absolute creator who transcends  time/space o believed that god had committed to them in  a unique way o make them into powerful nation o culminated in kingdom of david o kingdom falls o conquered waiting for god to send messiah to  free them from control of outside  empires o Sadducees cooperation w Rome
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o Pharisees strict observance of ritual didn’t advocate violence against Romans o Essenes Lived near the dead sea awaiting messiah to save Israel from oppression and usher in a  kingdom of God  o Zealots Militant extremists  Advocated a violent overthrow of Roman authority o Jesus 6 BCE- 29 CE Galilee, son of carpenter Messiah? disciples   apostles earliest Christians were Jews Christ was an unconventional messiah most Jewish groups rejected the msg of Christ o 66 CE Jewish revolt   70 CE Romans crush rebellion and destroy temple in 
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EUH 2000-2 - EUH 2000 Octavian Augustus "The Revered...

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