Etymon: Major Etymology: [Shortened < SERGEANT-MAJOR n. , perh. after Spanish mayor MAJOR a. and n. 1 (16th cent. in the senses ‘commander, quartermaster’; now only in American Spanish, in which it may have been reintroduced from English). Cf. Dutch majoor (earlier also major ) and German Major (replacing the older term Oberstwachtmeister ), both late 16th cent. < Spanish, and evidently dating from the Dutch war of independence; also French major (1660), Italian maggiore (1618).] Etymon: Mayor Etymology: [< Anglo-Norman mair , maire , meir , meire , mer , mare and Old French, Middle French, French maire ( c 1170 ‘chief magistrate of a community’; in Old French also maior , maor , maieur ; 1789 in sense ‘elected chief municipal officer’) < post-classical Latin maior mayor (from 12th cent. in British and continental sources), village bailiff (late 10th cent.), feudal officer (early 6th cent.), person in authority (4th cent.), use as noun of classical Latin m ior greater (see MAJOR
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