ps 106 review #2

Ps 106 review#2 - Midterm#2 Review 21:30:00 ← RUSSIA ← ← Major Geographic and Demographic Features • Vast size relatively unpopulated •

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Unformatted text preview: Midterm #2 Review 13/04/2008 21:30:00 ← RUSSIA ← ← Major Geographic and Demographic Features • Vast size, relatively unpopulated • Centered in west, Siberia in east • Many neighboring countries • Rich in natural resources ← ← Historical Development of the State • Foreign Invasion, Religion and Emergence of State o Originally established by either Vikings or Slavs o Adopted Orthodox Christianity-late 10 th century o Mongol Invasion in 13 th century—setting Russia on different historic path than west o Ivan the Terrible’s rule: repressive, emergence of the czar o Identity crisis: did Russia belong in the west? Peter the Great-advocate of Westernization Nicholas I=hostile to reform o The Seeds of Revolution Disjunction between largely agrarian and aristocratic society and a highly autonomous state and traditional monarchy Creation of the Duma (legislature) in 1905 WWI weakened national unity Lenin took control after Revolution in 1917 o Russian Revolution under Lenin Cheka (secret-police) later became KGB Industry nationalized, shifted focus to domestic politics o Stalinism, Terror and the Totalitarian State Agriculture production collapsed, 7 million lost because of famine Power more centralized than before Terror—no one allowed to oppose Stalin’s rule, cult of personality o Stability and Stagnation after Stalin Moved away from use of unbridled terror Power vested in Politburo—ruling cabinet of Communist Party Realized that system so controlled by central bureaucracy would be too institutionalized and conservative Khrushchev made initial attempt at reform—forced from position in 1964 By 1980s: clear economic stagnation o Failure of Reform and Collapse of the State Gorbachev tried to revitalize through glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) Nationalism grew among ethnic groups in various republics Critics calling for greater democracy Boris Yeltsin attacking Gorbachev faulting his unwillingness to accept radical change Anti-reform conservatives sought to stop disintegration of soviet institutions by mounting a coup d’état against Gorbachev, Yeltsin took power in Dec. 1991, dissolving USSr Putin becomes president in 1999 ← POLITICAL REGIME • Legislative-executive system: semi-presidential • Legislature: Federal Assembly • Lower house: State Duma • Upper house: Federation Council • Federal division of power • Main geographic subunits: republics, provinces, territories, autonomous districts, federal cities (Moscow and St. Petersburg) • Electoral system for lower house: mixed plurality—proportional representation • Electoral system upper house: indirect election by local executive and legislature • The Constitution o Borne of violent conflict: communists removed by those opposed to reform o Parliament sought to block Yeltsin’s policies for Constitutional reform o Yeltsin dissolved parliament in 1993...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Ps 106 review#2 - Midterm#2 Review 21:30:00 ← RUSSIA ← ← Major Geographic and Demographic Features • Vast size relatively unpopulated •

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