GRA102 Full Year Notes

GRA102 Full Year Notes - Week 1: History of Typography...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Week 1: History of Typography Typography: designing, arranging, and modifying type Greek words type: “to strike”, graphia: “to write” 1040 – Koreans invent movable type 1450 – Reinvented by Johannes Gutenberg in Europe - Worked concept into typesetting & printing system - Each letter = own raised block Leading: space between letters/lines by flat blank lead blocks Bounding box: space each letter takes up Side bearing: space between the letter and the edge of bounding box Typewriter - Remington typewriter: first desktop publishing tool Escapement: when the paper moves side to side Monospaced Type : each letter given same width or escapement value Proportional Type : each letter arranged in 5 categories of width Linotype Machine : cast a line at a time Monotype Machine : recorded key strokes on a punch type paper, able to change one letter - Each letter measured in units for width - M = 18 units wide Phototypsetting - Offset Lithography had no raised surface - Photographic Process of chemistry between oil and water - Lower costs
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Phototypesetter projects light through film negative onto photographic paper - Use different lenses to scale type Desktop Publishing 1980s - More memory power at lower cost - Laser allowed image type - WYSIWYG - PostScript created PostScript - Page description language - Device independent - Vector-based (outlines/paths) - Resize without impact on resolution - Raster Image Processor (RIP) used 1) Outlines Font 2) RIP sizes font 3) Outlines are coloured in Grid Fitting: letter outlines placed on grid, determines which pixels to colour in Hints: instructions that align letter outlines to grid Resolution: measure of the size of dot used, DPI Higher resolution = smaller dot, sharper image Typesetting quality = 1000 dpi Week 2: Typographic Measurement Absolute units - Picas and points
Background image of page 2
- 1 inch = 6 picas = 72 points - 1 pica = 12 points Cicero (French) – 1 cicero = 12 pts Agate (newspapers) – a inch = 14 agate lines Didot (European) – 1 didot = 0.935 mm Relative Units - Based on size of type Em space: same as point size, the dash En space: half an em space Thin space: half an en space, quarter an em space, spacebar 12 pt = 12 pt em space = 6 pt en space = 3 pt thin space
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course GCM GRA102 taught by Professor Gilewicz during the Fall '07 term at Ryerson.

Page1 / 12

GRA102 Full Year Notes - Week 1: History of Typography...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online