Actual Hist 150 Study Guide

Actual Hist 150 Study Guide - Naturalization Act of...

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Naturalization Act of 1740 -The British Parliament, in 1740, passed a naturalization act through which alien colonists could obtain the rights of natural-born subjects of Great Britain, First Immigration Act in the New World, implemented by British Board of Trade, Naturalized colonial subjects after 7 years William Penn 1644-1718-London born Quaker, founder of Penn. Refused to conform to Anglican church and joined Quakers in 1668, imprisoned for his writing in 1668, and got the land grant for Penn. In 1681, named it after his father, governed the colony for two years and then returned to England supported James II, worked for religious tolerance, went back to Penn. In 1699 his constitution proved unworkable, left in 1701 after a new charter was drawn up. Died in London in 1718, at the age of 74. Headright 1618- Granted by British, 50 acres were given per person brought to America, used to promote immigration with indentured servants, who worked 5-7 years and were then given clothing and equipment and then expected to move to the unsettled frontier, buy land (usually on credit from gentry) and to “improve it” John Harrower 1773-1776- Poverty and desperation led him to leave his native Shetland Islands in 1773. Traveled to Scotland, Holland, Newcastle, Portsmouth, and walked 80 mi. to London, used last shilling to get passage to America, once in VA worked for the Daingerfields as a tutor for children, and rarely worked in the fields, was allowed and encouraged to teach neighbor children and get payment from their parents as a schoolteacher, considered himself an American at the end of the diary and wanted to bring his wife and child as well to Americanize them, economic motivation for immigration. Olaudah Equiano 1745-1797- First hand narrative of a slave on middle passage journey, controversy over whether he was actually from Africa (Nigeria), captured at 11 w/sister, by slavers brought to coast from interior, goes to Barbados, sold to VA planter and given name Jacob on a tobacco plantation, sold to British naval officer Pascal paid a wage and used as body servant named Gustavas Vassa, learned to read and write aboard ship and in London, traveled the world, carried gunpowder from below decks to topside on ship, sold to another sea-captain and taken to Caribbean, and then sold to King, a Quaker worked as gauger, saved up money and ended up buying freedom, never went back home for fear of being recaptured, died at 52. Thomas Paine 1737-1809- Published in 1776, Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. The plain language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain. Anti-slavery, and wanted social security system for poor, radical religious beliefs ruined him, met Ben Franklin in 1774, who helped him emigrate to Philadelphia, he helped spur the Revolution although his contributions were mainly eradicated due to his religious views. Wrote
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Actual Hist 150 Study Guide - Naturalization Act of...

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