Hist 150 Study Guide 3 - Irving Berlin 1888-1989=Jewish,...

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Irving Berlin 1888-1989=Jewish, Berlin was born Israel Baline in Eastern Russia on May 11, 1888. He was one of eight children born to Leah and Moses Baline. His father was a shochet (one who kills kosher animals as prescribed by Jewish religious laws) who was also the cantor in the synagogue. His family moved to New York in 1893 to escape the pogroms in Russia. His first published hit was "Marie From Sunny Italy." His successes continued through two years. In WWI his musical Yip, Yip, Yaphank prouced by the men of Camp Upton raised more than $150,000 to build a service center at Camp Upton. On Armistice Day, 1938, he introduced "God Bless America," sung by Kate Smith, and it threatened to replace the national anthem because of its patriotism and popularity. In World War II, he wrote the musical This is the Army , which raised $10 million for the Army Emergency Relief. He also wrote other patriotic songs such as "Any Bonds Today?," "Arms for the Love of America," and "Angels of Mercy" for the American Red Cross. Berlin was prolific: He wrote more than 900 songs, 19 musicals and the scores of 18 movies. Some of his songs that have become classics include "There's No Business Like Show Business," "Easter Parade," and "White Christmas." He is the top moneymaker among songwriters in America. Berlin supported Jewish charities and organizations and donated many dollars to worthwhile causes. The National Conference of Christians and Jews honored him in 1944 for "advancing the aims of the conference to eliminate religious and racial conflict." Five years later, he was honored by the New York YMHA as one of "12 outstanding Americans of the Jewish faith." On February 18, 1955, President Eisenhower presented him with a gold medal in recognition of his services in composing many patriotic songs for the country. Earlier, Berlin assigned the copyright for "God Bless America" to the God Bless America Fund, which has raised millions of dollars for the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. Berlin's World War I doughboy uniform and many of his original patriotic scores are on display in the Jewish War Veterans Museum in Washington, D.C. Irving Berlin died on September 22, 1989, at the age of 101. Frank Sinatra 1915-1998= Singer and actor. Sinatra, probably the greatest singer of American popular music, was born in working-class Hoboken, New Jersey, the only child of Italian immigrant parents . His singing with Tommy Dorsey's popular orchestra from 1940 to 1942 made him a star. Sinatra's records of "All or Nothing at All" and "In the Blue of the Evening" topped the charts in 1943. His fans in the World War II era, dubbed "bobby-soxers," set a new standard for female hysteria over pop stars, especially in 1944 when thirty thousand of them rioted outside Manhattan's Paramount Theater. The House I Live In, a short film made in 1945, featured Sinatra speaking out against racial and religious discrimination ; the title song celebrated America's working people. Made at the peak of his popularity, the film won Sinatra a special Academy Award in 1945 and
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Hist 150 Study Guide 3 - Irving Berlin 1888-1989=Jewish,...

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