project #4 - Obesity Surgeries Running head OBESITY...

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Obesity Surgeries 1 Running head: OBESITY SURGERIES Obesity and Bariatric Surgeries Writing 103-1A 2007
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2 Obesity has become a growing problem not only in the United States, but also all over the world (Fox, 2007, Obesity becoming a Global Problem). It has proven to be one of the more difficult health issues of our time, as it is incredibly difficult to treat without surgery. In many cases, genetics is the most influential factor in determining body weight. Bodies develop a set point, or general range of weight. The higher set points of obese people are often attributed to higher caloric intakes and slow metabolisms (The Center For Obesity Surgery). Diet and exercise may help shed some pounds, but many find it difficult to keep the weight off long term. Surgery is the only option that treats the genetic influence by altering the digestive process or limiting food intake, which results in long-term weight loss. Its not surprising a growing number of people have turned to bariatric surgery for a quicker, more permanent solution to their obesity problem. Bariatric surgeries include any surgery that attempts to treat obesity. These surgeries cause long-term weight loss by either altering the digestive process or limiting food intake. Bariatric surgery can do this in one of three ways, restrictive surgery, malabsorptive surgery, or a combination of both. Malabsorptive operations remove a large part of the small intestine, which in turn causes fewer calories and nutrients to be absorbed. This method has somewhat declined in popularity, as it tends to result in nutritional deficiencies (2007, Gastrointestinal Surgery for Severe Obesity). Restrictive surgeries limit the amount of food the patient can ingest by dividing the stomach into two pouches, the first of which is rather small. There are two types of restrictive bariatric surgeries, adjustable gastric banding and vertical banded gastroplasty. With adjustable gastric banding, the stomach is divided by placing a hallow silicone band
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project #4 - Obesity Surgeries Running head OBESITY...

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