PHL Exam 4 - Study Guide for Test 4 Liberty-Limiting Principles(from Joel Feinberg an author we have not read but whose ideas are reproduced in our book

PHL Exam 4 - Study Guide for Test 4 Liberty-Limiting...

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Study Guide for Test 4 Liberty-Limiting Principles (from Joel Feinberg, an author we have not read but whose ideas are reproduced in our book) 1. The Harm Principle – Individual liberty is justifiably limited to prevent harm to others. 2. Principle of Legal Paternalism – Individual liberty is justifiably limited to prevent harm to self 3. Principle of Legal Moralism – Individual liberty is justifiably limited to prevent immoral behavior 4. The Offense Principle – Individual liberty is justifiably limited to prevent offense to others John Stuart Mill thinks that (1) is the only legitimate liberty limiting principle. Attorney General’s Commission on Porn - The Question of Harm I. The purpose of the commission is to determine if pornographic material is harmful by determining if it causes harmful behavior. a. There’s reason to think that A causes B if the evidence supports the conclusion that were there fewer As (e.g. pornographic movies, etc.) then there would be fewer Bs (e.g. rapes, etc.). II. Conclusions and Reasons a. Sexually violent material = sexually explicit material with actual, threatened, or simulated violence (e.g. snuff films, rape, sado-masochistic themes, and even slasher films etc.). i. Empirical research is unanimous that such material increases aggressive behavior towards women and this will increase the incidence of sexual violence towards women ii. Research also shows that such material causes changes in attitudes towards women (Note: it is highly probable that the increase in aggressive behavior is a causal result of the change in attitudes. So violent sexual material seems to cause (ii) which then causes (i), but this is just my own opinion and I’m of course assuming that (i) is true for the sake of argument). Be able to give examples of
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  • Spring '08
  • LEON
  • individual liberty, porn, Sexually Violent Material, a. Wicclair

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