ARoutline

ARoutline - 1. Material Culture Artifacts Features...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
AR100 GREAT DISCOVERIES IN ARCHAEOLOGY  (PROF. ELIA) WHAT IS ARCHAEOLOGY?  Archaeology :  The systematic study of our human past, based on the investigation of  material culture and context, together forming the archaeological record. Goals of Archaeology : 1.  describe culture history 2.  reconstruct past lifeways 3.  explain cultural process 4.  conserve and interpret the past Culture :  The invented, taught, and learned patterns of human behavior.  The extra- somatic means of adaptation of a human group. "Culture" terms : culture history cultural process archaeological culture culture area cultural resources cultural heritage material culture popular culture Types of archaeology : prehistoric archaeology historical archaeology paleoanthropology Classical archaeology Egyptology Biblical archaeology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
industrial archaeology underwater archaeology BASIC CONCEPTS   Archaeological Record: 1.  Material Culture 2.  Context Elements of the Archaeological Record:
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1. Material Culture Artifacts Features Structures Sites Typical site types : habitation ceremonial/public burial special activity underwater industrial 2. Archaeological Context Matrix Provenience (provenance) Association Principle of Association: an object is contemporary with the other objects found in the same archaeological deposit or level. Principle of Superposition: in any undisturbed sequence of layers, the bottom layer is the oldest. Context: the position of an archaeological find in time and space, established by measuring its association, matrix, and provenience. Associated Terms: stratum (a) stratigraphy/stratified/stratigraphic stratigraphic profile/section level deposit disturbance disturbed/undisturbed instrusion/intrusive primary/secondary context in situ ____________________________________________________________...
View Full Document

Page1 / 3

ARoutline - 1. Material Culture Artifacts Features...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online