The Effects of AIDS in Africa

The Effects of AIDS in Africa - John C Anyanwu(Jr English...

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John C. Anyanwu (Jr.) English 1323 Dr. D. Wilson 01/22/2008 The Effects of AIDS in Africa Many people do not really understand the gravity of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the world today. AIDS is no hoax. “An estimated 22.5 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2007 and approximately 1.7 million additional people were infected with HIV during that year. In just the past year, the AIDS epidemic in Africa has claimed the lives of an estimated 1.6 million people in this region. More than eleven million children have been orphaned by AIDS.” (AVERTing HIV and AIDS). The AIDS epidemic is now becoming clear to the African nations which are mostly affected because more and more people are getting very ill by the minute. In 2006, it is estimated that 2.1 million adults and children died due to the AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. More than 15 million people including mothers, children and fathers have died since the AIDS epidemic started. (AVERTing HIV and AIDS) African countries are affected by AIDS, the impact of AIDS in Africa, HIV prevention in Africa, HIV/AIDS related treatment and care in Africa, what needs to be done to make a difference in Africa, the impact of AIDS on health sector, household, education, and the economy. The public is unaware about the reality of AIDS. For example, what it really is, the origin, the symptoms, methods of transmission, different ways of prevention, its treatment, the difference between HIV and AIDS and how AIDS affects many parts of Africa, but Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected by HIV and AIDS.
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What is AIDS and HIV? Most individuals today just know that it’s a very dangerous disease; they do not know the origin and what its exact mechanism. “HIV stands for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and is a 'Retrovirus'. Retroviruses consist of Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) and were discovered by Robert Gallo in 1978. They contain a special viral enzyme called Reverse Transcriptase, which allows the virus to convert its RNA to DNA and then integrate, and take over, a cell's own genetic material. Once taken over, the new cell - now HIV infected - begins to produce new HIV retroviruses. HIV replicates in and kills the helper T cells, which are the body’s main defense against illness.” (Stop AIDS Project) There is actually no cure for AIDS, but there are pills, drugs and treatment that can be taken to decelerate the virus progression. HIV, is transmitted through direct contact with the bloodstream or any other bodily fluids containing the virus, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. This can come about in forms of vaginal, anal, oral sex, kissing with a lip cut and blood transfusion. When a woman is pregnant, her blood is transferred to her baby, this causes the baby to contract HIV. In 1981, it was stated that the first case of AIDS was among gay men in the United States, but HIV- 1 and HIV-2 really originated from Belgian Congo in Africa in 1959. The different categories of
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The Effects of AIDS in Africa - John C Anyanwu(Jr English...

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