John Adams - Patrick Moran November 15th, 2006 “John...

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Patrick Moran November 15 th , 2006 “John Adams and the coming of the Revolution” John Adams was born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1735 into a highly regarded family. He was well educated with a Harvard diploma and was a lawyer. At a young age and throughout his life he learned good values and morals, even learning things of morals from his wife Abigail. He always tried to read and learn more and more without giving up. He read of Law and Government, great philosophers, great speakers, and above all great men. He looked up to strong speakers and revolutionaries such as James Otis, a learned man, but also a strong speaker. Many of this shaped his character during the time period and the events that led to and followed the American Revolution. In 1765, a new law known as The Stamp Act was passed by parliament. After the French and Indian War, there was much debt to be paid off as well as the cost of maintaining a colonial military. Parliament passed the law that “nearly everything written or printed on paper other than private correspondence and books__ all pamphlets, newspapers, advertisements, bills, bonds etc…__ were required to carry revenue stamps” 1 in order to pay off such debts. Boston mobs rioted after hearing the news of this new law. Adams, whose opinion on riots was that they are an “atrocious violation of peace” 2 , responded with an untitled letter in the “Gazette”. He stated that freedom does not have to be obtained, but should be granted due to the rights established in British Law and the sacrifices on American ancestors. He later said that Americans should not be taxed because they have no representation in parliament. “If they were not genuine representatives, the members of parliament had no business taxing the American people” 3 1 Errico 79 2 Errico 79 3 Brands 129 1
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Hence the famous quote “no taxation without representation” This was the first main event that led to the Revolution, but was definitely not the last. The next law that stirred up American patriots was the “Writs of Assistance” of 1761 which were search warrants that permitted customs officers to enter and search any premises whenever they wished. This was a turning point for Adams because he saw the highly regarded James Otis speak.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HIST 32.151 taught by Professor Martin during the Spring '08 term at Mass Colleges.

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John Adams - Patrick Moran November 15th, 2006 “John...

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