Woodrow Wilson - President Woodrow Wilson had perhaps one...

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President Woodrow Wilson had perhaps one of the most profound impacts on the advancement of the United States of America. Through times of war and troubled economic situations his perseverance led our nation with many economic and war policies. He fought foreign affairs, as well as for women suffrage and defended the Jews. Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia in 1856. He was the third child of Joseph Ruggles and Jessie Woodrow Wilson. His grandfather had been an abolitionist newspaper publisher in Steubenville, Ohio where his father was from. His father felt differently when he moved to the south and was a defender of slavery. He was one of the founders of the first Southern Presbyterian Church. Wilson did not learn to read until he was 12, partially due to dyslexia, but through perseverance, hard work, discipline, and help from his father he got himself a solid education. Wilson’s father taught him the power of the spoken English language as well as to have strong morals, where his mother taught him about chivalry and he learned the importance of women in his life. As we see in his future as president, Wilson uses the values his father has instilled in him as an advantage, but in some instances it objects his duty as this nation’s leader. The beginning of his political career started in 1910 when he was elected governor of New Jersey. The democrats had take control of the state house, where the Republicans still held control of the state senate. While in office he used his reformist agenda to establish state primaries. He also introduced worker's compensation. His work as governor initiated his campaign for presidency. In 1912 he made himself known at the democratic national convention which gave him the party’s vote for the Presidency. He would run against former president Theodore Roosevelt who started the progressive party
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and William Taft, of the Republican Party. Wilson won the election on November 5 th partially due to a split in the Republican Party. He won with just 41.8 % of the votes, but he took 435 electoral votes to win the election. Wilson’s first term had success when implementing his “New Freedom” pledges which included antitrust modification, tarriff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters. He attempted to end the prior ideas of trusts, by excouraging competition through the Federal Trade Commission, which ended unfair trade practices. Furthermore, he passed the Clayton Antitrust Act which made certain buisness actions, such as price fixing, illegal. By passing this he made individuals of corporations responsible if their companies violated the laws and also ended union liability antitrust laws. This made him very attractive in the eyes of farmers and laborers. In his goals of tarriff revision, he passed the Underwood- Act which made the most significat reductions on rates since the civil war. He argued that high tarriffs hurt consumers and created monopolies. The act offset lost revenue by providing for small, graduated income tax. He
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HIST 32.151 taught by Professor Martin during the Spring '08 term at Mass Colleges.

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Woodrow Wilson - President Woodrow Wilson had perhaps one...

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