poetry_handout_ap - WHAT IS POETRY Poetry is words arranged...

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WHAT IS POETRY?
THE FOUR M0ST-USED KIND OF FEETNo. ofSyllablesTechnical Nameof Kind of FootAccented = ( / ) “DUMM”Unaccented = (~ ) “de”Such as2iamb, iambic~/de DUMM~/~ /a WAY, i WILL2trochee, trochaic/~DUMM de/~/ ~COM ing, DO it3anapest, anapestic~~/de de DUMM~~/~ ~ /can non ADE,let us IN3dactyl, dactylic/~ ~DUMM de de/ ~ ~/ ~~VIC to ries, TWO of themLess Often Used: spondee, spondaic (DUMM DUMM) pyrrhus, pyrraic (de de)The beat of poetry feet is called meter. Marking lines as the following are marked to show feet or meteris called scansion:~ /~/~/~ /The stag l at eve | had drunk | his fillThis line is iambic tetrameter. If meter should vary within a line, it is called inversion.The number of feet in a line is expressed as follows:1 footmonometer6 feethexameter2 feet3 feetdimetertrimeter7feet8feetheptameteroctameter4 feettetrameter9 feetnonameter5 feetpentameterPauses do not usually figure significantly in scansion, but they do affect the rhythm of a line, just as theyaffect the rhythm of music. There are three types of pauses:End-stopped which is a pause at the end of a line.Caesura which is a pause that occurs within a line.Enjambement which is a line that “runs over” to the next line without a pause.
WHAT IS MELODY?Like music, each poem has melody (i.e., sound devices). A poet chooses words for their sound, as wellas for their meaning. Rhythm, of course, is a kind of sound device based upon pattern. Euphony (literally“good sound”) and cacophony (literally “bad sound”) contribute to producing melody, or a musical qualityin verse.One of the principle tools of melody is rhyme — that is where two words have the same sound on theirlast accented vowel preceded by different consonants, such as:Single (Masculine) Rhymedame, samelove, doveDouble (Feminine) Rhymenapping, tappingweather, heatherTriple Rhymemournfully, scornfullyvictorious, gloriousOther rhyming terms include:Sight (Eye) Rhyme in which two words l ookalike but don’t soundalike,such as “LOVE” and “JOVE” or “DAUGHTER” and “LAUGHTER.”Slant (Imperfect) Rhyme in which two words are nearly rhymed but have aslight variation in vowel sound, such as “LAKE” and “FATE.” NOTE: Sometimes whatis now a sight rhyme was once a true rhyme, but pronunciation changes have occurred,such as “AGAIN” and “RAIN.”Identical Rhyme (Rime Riche) in which two words are spelled differently but

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