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Violence in Sri Lanka - Violence in Sri Lanka Ceylon has...

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Violence in Sri Lanka Ceylon has acquired its independence on February 4 th , 1948 from the United Kingdom. In 1972 it became known as Sri Lanka, or Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka with Capital of Colombo. It adopted its constitution August 16 th, 1978. Present chief of state and government is President Mahinda RAJAPAKSA since 19 th of November 2005. Main Ethnic groups include Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian and Sri Lankan Tamil 8.5%, and other unspecified 10.5%. Tamil Tigers are a separatist militant organization who fights to create an independent state named Tamil Eelam in the North and East of the island, founded in 1975 by Velupillai Prabhakaran. They attracted many supporters amongst disenchanted Tamil youth, who were dissatisfied with policies followed by successive governments towards solving various concerns of the nation's Tamil community. Beginning in the 20 th century, tensions began to occur that would turn into massacres and numerous deaths.
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