Chapter 8 notes - Chapter 8 notes Congress Drafts George Washington The most important action for the congress was to select George Washington His

Chapter 8 notes - Chapter 8 notes Congress Drafts George...

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Chapter 8 notes Congress Drafts George Washington The most important action for the congress was to select George Washington. His largest command had only twelve hundred men. He had patience, courage, self-discipline and a sense of justice. People also trusted him. The Second Continental Congress selected Washington to lead the continental army. Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings The Americans were trying to keep loyalty to the king but then they were also raising armies to shoot down his majesty’s soldiers. The war was fought for 14 months from April 1775 to July 1776. In May 1775, a tiny American force under Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured the British garrisons at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. In June 1775 the colonists seized Bunker Hill. The British then attacked them. In July 1775, The Second Continental Congress released the Olive Branch Petition which begged the king to stop future hostilities. The petition was rejected by the king and the Americans had to choose to fight for independence or stay under British rule. In August 1775, King George hired German Hessians to bring the colonies in order. The Abortive Conquest of Canada On October 1775 the British burned Falmouth in the same month the colonists attacked Canada wanting to make it the 14 th colony. General Richard Montgomery was killed in the attack while General Benedict Arnold was wounded. In January 1776, the British set fire to Norfolk, Virginia. In March they were forced to evacuate Boston. In the south the colonist won two victories in 1776, one in February against 15 hundred loyalists and one in June when they invaded a British fleet. Thomas Paine Preaches Common Sense Many of the Americans considered themselves a part of the transatlantic community because the unity of the colonies was poor. In 1776 the publication of Common Sense was the most influential pamphlets ever written. In a couple of months he had over 120,000 copies. Thomas Paine argued that the colonies deserved independence. Paine and the Idea of “Republicanism” Thomas Paine’s ideas were then created into a new type of political society, it was called a republic where power came from the people. This was also one of the things he wrote in the Common Sense.

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