Notes for Indian Religion Exam

Notes for Indian Religion Exam - Rig Veda Ultimate Concern...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rig Veda Hymns to gods and goddesses, not necessarily the religion of the common people. Written by priests. Three main gods – Indra, Varuna, Agni Indra – god of Storm, archetypal warrior, more hymns to Indra than others Agni – god of Fire, archetypal priest Varuna – god of Sky, archetypal king, ‘heavenly’ king, concerned with morals One’s duty was based on their class: * Four classes – Priests, warriors, people of commerce, peasants * First three are “second born”, second birth only allowed to those who have read the RigVeda Upanishads Ultimate Concern Attaining moksha, liberation View of Reality Believe there is One Permanent Reality – Brahman. Life is frustrating and constantly changing. Wish to attain moksha. Human Predicament Samsara, karma, rebirth. When you desire something, it goes away. Never getting what you want. Re-suffering and re-dying. Solution to the Human Predicament Sincerity, study of the Vedas, devotion to a guru, meditation, limiting desires. Moksha – liberation from cycle of karma and rebirth. One permanent reality called Brahman, no real consensus on what Brahman is. It is intuitive, immediate, self-satisfying and self-authenticating. Karma – actions done in this life are not complete until they have produced effects which may have an outcome in the next life. Samsara – going around. Endless cycle of karma and rebirth. Ultimate Concern This world – prosperity, cattle, strong sons, long life, victory over enemies View of Reality Theism – belief in a Highest Reality. Mostly henotheism (there are many gods, one is higher than the others.) Human Predicament Ritual world – must perform sacrifices correctly or world will fall apart. Solution to the Human Predicament Perform sacrifices, do one’s duty (dharma)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Buddha and the Pali Canon; Theraveda Ultimate Concern Nirvana – extinction of suffering, rebirth, desires View of Reality 3 Marks of Existence: impermanent, no permanent self (only 5 khandas put together in a certain way: form, sensations, conceptions, predispositions, consciousness), suffering Human Predicament Life is suffering. Desire causes suffering. Remove desire, suffering with cease. Can do this with the 8-fold noble path. Solution to the Human Predicament 8-fold noble path – summarized into right knowledge (wisdom), right morality (precepts), right concentration (meditation) Buddha never wrote anything. First literature written 400 yrs after Buddha’s death. 32 different followings of the Buddha. The Buddha typically refers to Gautama. Founder of the religion. Buddha just refers to
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

Notes for Indian Religion Exam - Rig Veda Ultimate Concern...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online