40Amidterm - Pictorial: creating a convincing image of the...

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creating a convincing image of the subject and capturing its essence Bison w/ turning head, La Madeleine, France, c. 12,000 BCE Symbolic : images that stand for another image or encapsulates an idea Woman of willendorf, Austria, 28000-25000 BCE Naturalistic : imitating nature or the natural surroundings radiocarbon dating methods: method of measuring the decay rate of carbon isotopes in organic matter to provide dates for organic material Two Bisons, reliefs in cave at Le Tuc d’Audoubert, Ariege, France, ca. 15000-10000 BCE, clay pigment: the material used to create paintings and artwork; Hall of Bulls megalith : a large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures;Stonehenge post and lintel construction: a system of construction in which two posts support a beam over the openings; Stonehenge Paleolithic : “Old” Stone Age, during which humans produced the first sculptures and painting Mesolithic: “Middle” Stone Age Neolithic: “New” Stone Age, when cultures decreased from herders and make agriculturalists Cuneiform: system of writing in which wedge-shaped characters were produced in soft clay tablets; Gudea statue and Hammurabi’s law code Ur: an ancient city in southern Mesopotamia thought to be the biblical city of Abraham ziggurat at Ur, Standard of Ur Babylon: an ancient Mesopotamian city ruled by Hammurabi, was conquered by Hittites, and then regained status as one of the great cities of antiquity; Ishtar Gate, stele with law code of Hammurabi Gilgamesh : Sumerian King of Uruk; White temple at Uruk was his home Ziggurat: a monumental platform for a temple; ziggurat at Ur and White Temple at Uruk Tell Asmar: Sumerian city where statuettes of worshippers were found under a temple floor. Accentuated features, HUGE eyes Naramsin: Akkadian ruler, his royal power was based on unswerving royalty to him, the king, rather than the city-state. Governors of cities were considered mere servants of the king. He called himself “King of the Four Quarters”, in effect ruler of the earth, worshipped as a God. Head of Akkadian ruler, from Nineveh, made of copper, 2200 BCE Buttresses : an exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arches vault; Stele: a carved stone slab used to mark graves or historical events; Victory Stele law code of Hammurabi lapis lazuli : rare, precious blue stone Standard of Ur, c. 2685 BCE Hammurabi: king of Babylon who reestablished a centralized government that ruled southern Mesopotamia; law code of Hammarabi Queen Puabi: Queen during the first dynasty of Sumerian Ur, her tomb was found in the Royal Cemetery; cylinder seals Darius I: expanded Median empire outwards. Great importance around 500 BCE. Around 490, sent a conquisition to defeat Greeks but was defeated. Built Palace of Persepolis, Iran, ca. 521 BCE.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ART HIS 40a taught by Professor Miles during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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40Amidterm - Pictorial: creating a convincing image of the...

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