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Reactionnarrartive1 - Diana Browne Professor West FLA 194 A...

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Diana Browne Professor West FLA 194 September 24, 2006 A Critique of “China’s Hidden Democratic Legacy” by Orville Schell In “China’s Hidden Democratic Legacy,” Orville Schell, states that it has been because of a balancing act of political and economic reform that China has remained intact as a nation; it is through the considerable divide of political parties and economic policies that determines whether or not China will advance globally. According to Schell, this is not a possibility until China converts completely to democratic ideals. Schell concludes his article with the fact that it is prominent that China will need to find an alternative to their current political system, and one can refer to Kang, Liang, Sun, Hu, and Fang for guidance. Shell refers to five political reformists, and uses them as references as to what direction China needs to take for reform. Four of the reformists were alive during the fall of the Qing dynasty (Kang, Sun, Hu, and Liang), Fang, however, was not. Schell uses Kang Youwei as a significant primary source to his argument, presenting China as an inferior nation unless it can turnover its historical approach of Confucianism and Taoism. Shell thought negatively of Confucius and saw him as a hindrance to the modernization of China. Similarly, Sun Yat-sen, a Cantonese nationalist, maintained the belief of China as one of the slowest runners in the race towards modernization and in order to catch up China needed to adopt and accept nationalism. Sun believed in democracy, however, not for the typical cause of spreading it, but for the goal of China to one day be able to defend itself against other countries.
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Browne Hu Shih was a proponent of “conscious reform,” unlike his fellow scholars; this reform was “presupposed clear analysis, well defined goals, and an Enlightenment belief in the universality and inherent quality of individual rights.” 1 Schell also mentioned a more current reformist, Fang Lizhi, who lectured at universities across China about the negatives of a single party political system, and the changes necessary for reform including individual freedoms, democracy, and broadening the Chinese mindset. The persuasive article is a considerably one-sided view of the current situation in China.
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Reactionnarrartive1 - Diana Browne Professor West FLA 194 A...

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