Test 1 Review - Philosophy 304: Contemporary Moral Problems...

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Philosophy 304: Contemporary Moral Problems TEST 1 REVIEW 13:26:08 Format: essay test. 2 out of 3 questions (Randomly selected) Essays: 1) What does Judith Jarvis Thomson find to be mistaken in the conservative position regarding abortion? Describe thoroughly the analogies she uses to make her case. a. If one assumes that the fetus is indeed a person, it doesn’t logically lead to abortion always being wrong b. Analogy #1: The Famous Violinist i. The society of music lovers kidnap you and hook you up to a famous violinist, whom without your kidneys for some time period (Thomson describes many here) will surely perish. ii. Possibly akin to rape-induced pregnancy iii. Her logic: because you have a moral right to disconnect this person from you, one has the right to have the abortion c. Analogy #2: The People-Spores i. A person lives in a place where “people spores” can attach to furniture and grow people, becoming somewhat of a nuisance. A person puts up heavy duty screens to guard against these people spores, however they attach anyways. ii. Her logic: Thomson argues that because a person has a right to get rid of these spores, it is morally permissible in some cases to abort. iii. She admits that while there are scenarios where the person could completely avoid the spores (removing furniture, never opening windows, doors, etc.), that this is somewhat akin to hysterectomy when it comes to not wanting to be pregnant and thus according to her logic, are too extreme to be considered. 2) (Grab Bag) Answer all. a. What is Mary Anne Warren’s criticism of the traditional conservative argument against abortion? i. The “Standard” Conservative position 1. Deliberately killing an innocent human being is wrong 2. A fetus is an innocent human being 3. Conclusion: killing a fetus is morally wrong. ii. Warren’s critique is that deliberately killing a person in the complete moral sense of the word is wrong, and because the traditional conservative argument does not address this, the argument commits the fallacy of ambiguity. b. What is the lecturer’s criticism of Marry Anne Warren? i. Morally-permissible Infanticide is a logical conclusion of this argument ii. The position is too strong because the following is not always true: If A is a person and B is not, and B is a burden to A , then A may (morally) do to B whatever is necessary to relieve that burden (at any time). c. Describe the difference between strong and weak moral judgments and give examples of each. i. Weak judgments are not necessarily inferior although less logically assertive 1. “It’s okay to do that” 2. “It’s morally permissible” ii. Strong judgments are “strong statements” 1. “It’s Obligatory” 2. “It’s right to do this”
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d. Describe the lecturer’s criticism of Don Marquis regarding birth control. i.
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Test 1 Review - Philosophy 304: Contemporary Moral Problems...

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