ARH terms - Please NOTE May contain a few"choice words...

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Please NOTE:  May contain a few “choice” words, please pardon my French.  Also, dates may be  incorrect in some instances.  Always double check them. Persian Wars  – Had finally been won by Athens around 500 BC when Athens finally defeated them.  This  lead to the alliance of several Greek city-states.  But Persia around 480 came back and raided Athens  before they lost to the Spartans.  Themistocles was responsible for finally defeating the Persians with his  ick ass navy.  After that he made the wall around Athens against Sparta’s objections. Themistocles  – A great leader of Athens and won the battle of Salamis which won him admiration of all  the Greeks except for the Athenians.  He was responsible for building up the navy which was used to  defeated the Persians.  He was obsessed with building up Piraeus and was exiled. Plataea  – The place that the vow was made to rebuild the city of Athens after the Persians destroyed it,  but to let the destroyed temples remain as a memorial. Sparta  – In southern Greece, well known for their excellent military expertise and at one point took over  Athens because they didn’t like them building up the walls or something, but they gave it back. Pericles  – Ruler of Athens who got a lot of levy money from other city states for “defense” but instead  used it to rebuild the temples and the Parthanon. And he went to war with Athens around 430 BC and  eventually lost when he died in the plague  Agora  – The Agora was the market place in the center of the city and was also the political and legal  center of the city.  The capital if you will.  This is where the shops were, where people hung out, where  the philosophers chilled.   Kerameikos  – excavations that discovered the walls that had surrounded Athens. Piraeus  – the harbor in Athens that Themistocles obsessively built up and was kicked out for. Ekklesia  – A minimum of 6,000 citizens had to be present before an assembly could take place.  The  ekklesia met about once every nine days.  People would be punished if they didn’t attend, but women  and slaves couldn’t go.  It was held on the Pnyx.  It could only discuss matters prepared by the boule.  Any citizen could express an opinion and vote was taken by a show of hands. Solon  – A well liked aristocrat who was elected to the archon to bring about a reconciliation between the  commons and the aristocracy.  He passed laws limiting the power of the old aristocracy and passed laws 
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