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Halberstam F07 Crim pro outline

Halberstam F07 Crim pro outline - 10:39:00 AM Goals of...

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13/02/2008 13:39:00 Goals of Criminal Procedure Protect the innocent from prosecution Convict the guilty Protect citizens from the government – no unreasonable search and seizure, no self incrimination Balance the desire for safety with the desire to not have governmental intrusion Steps in the Criminal Process     Booking Initial appearance before a magistrate o Informed of rights - counsel, preliminary hearing, charges o Preliminary hearing – small trial where it is determined that there is enough evidence to continue with  prosecution o Grand Jury  - Instead of a preliminary hearing Arraignment –  o Pleas o Pre-trial motions - venue change, suppress evidence separate trials for different D, discovery,  Trial –  o Presentation of evidence,  o During trial motions - motion to dismiss, summary judgment,  Sentencing Appeal –  in most states, the law is that the D has an appeal as of right—it is not discretion for the court to hear the  appeal. 
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SB –CRIM PRO 2 o The first line in the D’s brief will be that evidence was insufficient to establish guilt beyond a reasonable doubt,  and the first line in DA’s brief will be that the evidence was sufficient to establish guilt beyond a reasonable  doubt.  On appeal, the court deals w/ legal issues.  o Levels of Appeal:  Appellate Division-felony appeals. Appellate Term- misdemeanor appeals  a. In NY, the appellate division may deal w/ fact issues. Additionally, the appellate division  can reverse in the interest of justice.  Court of Appeals-only legal issues.   Supreme Court of the US- Usually, only C issues.  2 ways to get into US SC:  make a petition for cert  as of right  o NY-Corum Novus-trial level court in the jurisdiction in which D was held prisoner.  Post Conviction Remedies  o Get into Federal Courts via Habeas Corpus:  If the D has lost on all the levels of appeal in state court, then he  can go to federal district court he can go to federal district court corpus-produced in body-this is used to  challenge the authority of a/o to hold a/o—wasn’t just for prisoners, but also in custody battles. Today, you  don’t need to produce the body by bringing the prisoner, but rather you can just argue the issues. a. today, it  has become a tool to get the case reviewed for any violation of the US C.  o Circuit Court of Appeals  o Petition for cert from the US SC.  Habeas was narrow, then expanded and then the SC said that you need to bring all claims together, 
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