Class Notes 3-6-07

Class Notes 3-6-07 - banks II Fascist “ideology” •...

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I. Elements of Fascism Contd The term Fascism became known with a key element of totalitarianism in the 1920s Not a political theory. Grows out of political movements Fascism was a negative reaction to the post world war I state in Europe. Five Circumstances 1) Power Vacuum 2) Fear of Communism 3) Versailles Settlement 4) Appeals to nationalism 5) paradoxical relationship with socialism Oswald Mosely G.B, Jacques Doriot France, Vidlan Quisling Norway, Mussolini Italy. All of these men had been leaders in socialist movements in their countries before they swung to fascism. The demanded a total sweeping away of social and political structures. They planned to bring about fascism through violent revolution. The NAZI”s called themselves the Nationalist Socialist Once in power these Fascists worked hand in hand with big business and
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Unformatted text preview: banks II. Fascist “ideology” • Friedrech Nietzsche o Will to Power o Superman “Ubermensch” o Highest Passion o Highest Creativity o Superman will live at a level beyond the notion of good and evil • Common Themes of Facism o Ultra-Nationalism o Fervent Anti-communism no economic determinism no class struggle o Anti Democratic Alliances with/Elites o National Re-birth o Rejected Established Values including Egalitarianism and materialism. Attacked decadence of recent past. o Youth Vigor, Masculinity, Chauvinistic, militaristic. o Civic Religion- Utopian, Messianic o For Fascism the state became the religion o Mass media was a potent weapon used by fascist leaders III. The case of Italy IV. Fascist Poet: Gabriele D’Annunzio...
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