Study guide for final exam - Study guide Evolutionary...

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Study guide: Evolutionary Ecology Final Exam, ECOL 4500/6500. Date and time: Thursday, May 5. 12:00 – 3:00 PM Location: Ecology seminar room (our class room) Exam weight: 60 points (20% of course grade) The final exam is cumulative. In this study guide, I have only included concepts and terminology from material that we covered after the first exam. Course material from the first part of the course is fair game, and I recommend that you also refer to the study guide for the first exam. The final exam will follow the structure of the first exam and consist of: Multiple choice questions Fill in the blank/short answer Slightly longer questions focusing on experimental design, predictions, and interpretations of figures from the literature Terminology to know and be able to apply and explain: Fitness tradeoffs Genetic tradeoffs Life history Cost of reproduction Semelparity (reproduce once then die) vs. iteroparity (reproduce multiple times) Senescence Phenotypic plasticity and norm of reaction Evolutionarily Stable Strategies (and the importance of frequency-dependent selection). Prisoner's dilemma Demography Population Effective population size Reproductive isolation Pre-zygotic vs. post-zygotic reproductive barriers. Pre-mating vs. post-mating reproductive barriers Sympatric vs allopatric speciation Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibility Phylogeny. (A phylogeny is a hypothesis about the evolutionary relationships of a set of species) Phylogeny: Branches, nodes, tips, root, parsimony Reinforcement Competition and character displacement Mutualism Predation/parasitism/disease Coevolution Red Queen dynamics
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Bottom up vs. top down control Constitutive vs. induced defenses (and how they relate to phenotypic plasticity) Kin selection Inclusive fitness Reciprocal altruism Anomaly (as in temperature anomaly) Why aren't all populations locally adapted? We talked about the processes that constrain local adaptation. In class on Feb. 16 th , we discussed a Drosophila paper (Kellerman et al., 2009. Science. 325: 1244-1246) about testing whether tropical species have limited climatic tolerance (the climatic viability hypothesis) to understand if evolutionary processes influence distributional pattern. In this study, the authors compared heritability of several traits across species with limited vs. broad distribution patterns. We talked about 3 traits: dessication tolerance, cold tolerance and wing size. Why would the authors have included
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