notes - 10-2-06 World War I I. Neutrality II. Mobilization...

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10-2-06 World War I I. Neutrality II. Mobilization for War III. Labor Sedition Act American Protective League (APL) Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) Bisbee Deportation Frank Little Lusitania National War Labor Board Commission on Public Information Epsionage Act End of Progressive movement due to WWI Situation in Europe -weapons armament, alliance systems (secret and formal) Start of WWI Serbia and Austria Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated by young Serbian, alliances called in, Germany and Austria declare war on Russia and France. U.K. joins after Germans invade Belgium, starts in 1914 400+ miles of trenches U.S. sets up system of neutrality, but U.S. wants right to sell arms Germany est. a zone around Britain w\ submarines to sink belligerent ships; neutral ships allowed in the zone as long as they flew neutral flags Brit. Flew neutral flags to draw German subs up, then they would bomb German subs Lusitania – Brit. Ship sunk by German Sub, 120 U.S. citizens killed, U.S. declares it citizens has right to ride without risk of attack, Germany contends ship had weapons (which it did) Germany decides to open unrestricted on all ships In the zone. Zimmerman Note – U.S. intercepts telegram from Germans to Mexico saying if U.S. joins war, Mexico should ally with Germany and invade the U.S. SW. They would get back all lands lost in the Mexican-American war
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April 1917- U.S. declares war 120,000 U.S. troops at start of war, very little combat experience Enough ammo to fight for 2 days U.S. est. a draft, 23 million sign up, 3 million men drafted Oct. 1917 – Russian Revolution, Russia leaves the war French mutiny and desertion on rise Large casualty counts due to new weapons w\ old fighting technique Marks critical need for U.S. troops U.S. only participates in combat of war for only a few months at the end of the war Expanded fear of immigrants I.Q. testing for troops, several fail test that is culturally biased 50% tested at Moron level, mostly undereducated immigrants 260,000 Blacks volunteer 60,000 go to France, but not allowed to fight in combat and required to perform service jobs Many Blacks volunteered to fight for the French army 2 million U.S. troops in France, under Gen Pershing Assumed troops would plug holes in French ad Brit units, but US refused Early U.S. tactics focused on frontal assault, thousand of US troops machine gunned using this technique U.S Homefront Try to get support for war - War Indust. Board – gov’t got companies to work together to produce for US Daylight Savings Time Meatless and wheatless days -National War Labor Board 1,000s of strikes, try to arbitrate labor disputes 1917-18 NWLB arbitration effected 5 million workers, in majority they sided in favor of labor, right to unionize, time and ½ pay, equal women’s rights Get public support Original request for 1 million men meet with 73,000 Draft evaders and conscientious objectors high 2 nd Most objected war in US hist (Vietnam 1 st ) Socialist Movement and resistance to war
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Declared WWI crime against citizens of U.S., anti-war rallies
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course ACCT 2302 taught by Professor All during the Spring '08 term at Texas Tech.

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notes - 10-2-06 World War I I. Neutrality II. Mobilization...

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