IR Final Exam

IR Final Exam - Jasmin A. Singletary Final Exam:...

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Jasmin A. Singletary Final Exam: International Relations Professor Falstrom 16 December 2007 1.) In the field of international relations, non-state actors such as international organizations have increasingly propelled themselves to the forefront of the study as their importance in world affairs grows. Because states have conflicting values and traditions, sometimes mediation is required in order to avoid the use of force. This leads to the implementation of international organizations since liberalist thinkers advocate the promotion of interstate cooperation over conflict. IOs are useful to this effect because they regulate world affairs, and serve as an arbitration tool between nations. Additionally these transnational actors exist to uphold and enforce international norms. They do this in providing a neutral setting for states to learn the accepted rules, which decreases the likelihood of a Prisoner’s Dilemma (a realist strategy in which rational participants choose moves that results in worse outcomes for all involved) occurring. This provides transparency between states, another function IOs exist to serve. Furthermore, international organizations have a role in implementing foreign policy as interactions with these institutions affect the politics states establish.
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Because of the purposes, it works to uphold, international organizations have become a major participant in international relations consequently exerting heavy influence on the nature of world politics. For example, now questions about the importance of states sovereignty are surfacing, as states abandon the identities as the most influential actors in IR. This is due to the creation and heavy reliance on IOs contributing to increased globalization, as the world’s politics becomes more integrated as opposed to divided among conflicting states’ interests. This new development alters the traditional perspective dominant in the early days of IR, that assumed that states’ sovereignty alone was what produced results in the global community. Now, international organizations are
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IR Final Exam - Jasmin A. Singletary Final Exam:...

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