Position Paper

Position Paper - Does the United Nations Deserve Support...

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Does the United Nations Deserve Support? Jasmin A. Singletary International Relations 250-01 Professor Falstrom 7 December 2007
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Singletary Globalization. Imperialism. Global Warming. World Peace. These are just a few of the prevalent issues that greatly impact today’s world. Because these topics affect everyone in the global community, more and more attention is devoted to facilitating cooperation and participation between nations. Nevertheless, how and where do the affairs of the world go to be addressed and later resolved? The creation of the United Nations post World War II hoped to solve this problem by establishing an organization composed of an entity of states that, ideally, can come together and discuss pressing world issues such as those previously mentioned, in the prospects of making the world a more harmonious place to live in. In theory, the United Nations is a great institution to utilize on behalf of today’s international society. However, in practice, the United Nations has failed to measure up to the expectations that implemented its charter in the first place. Therefore, it is reasonable to deduct that the UN is no longer useful and thus should be discarded for a more successful organization. This paper will explore in depth the world problems that led to the existence of the UN, explaining why global leaders felt it necessary at that time to develop such an organization. Next, this paper will trace the evolving world order focusing on how well the UN has been able to meet the ever-changing demands of the times, and highlighting its current failure to depict the present global structure. Following that, this essay will examine the opposing argument, which supports reforming instead of abandoning the UN, analyzing the successes of the United Nations and whether these achievements outweigh its failures. Finally, this paper will present alternative measures that one should consider instead of continuing to support the United Nations. What exactly is the United Nations and why was it established? 2
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Singletary Following World War II, the realist approach to international relations gave way to a more liberal alternative since it became apparent that cooperation is more readily achieved through the establishment of international organizations. Increased anxieties of international anarchy, especially after witnessing the perils of yet another catastrophic war, led to the increased desire for a more stabilized and peaceful global community. Based upon this mentality the world’s leaders sought to create an organization that would serve as a buffer of sorts, in order to foster better relations between states. Although The League of Nations, the UN’s predecessor, was founded on, similar principles post World War I; it resulted in major disappointment when it failed to prevent the occurrence of the Second World War. Learning from the unsuccessful experience of the League, 50 country representatives met in San Francisco, 1945, to draw up and establish a new institution, giving birth to the UN. 1
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Position Paper - Does the United Nations Deserve Support...

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